# Dashes vs. underscores

I forgot if they were single deck or not. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikibooks Wikiquote. Totally agree regarding CET comps. The action then proceeds clockwise as each player in turn must either match or "call" the maximum previous bet, or fold , losing the amount bet so far and all further involvement in the hand. I am by no means a gambler, and have only been through casinos a few times.

## Free Texas Holdem Poker

Since you can see 4 hearts, basic subtraction will tell us that there are 9 cards left in the deck that will improve our hand to a flush, or 9 outs. In this case an ace or king would improve our hand, too, so if we assume there are 3 aces and 3 kings left in the deck, that means we actually have 15 outs to improve our hand.

Ok, so now we know what outs are, how to count them and what not to do. This is only half the battle. We now need to convert our outs into odds. The next step is to take our outs and turn them into odds.

There are two ways to calculate card odds in poker. The rule of 2 and 4 is the easiest and fastest way to take your outs and turn them into odds. What you do is this —. If you want to know the odds of hitting your hand over one street flop to turn, or turn to river multiply your outs by 2. If you want to know your chances of hitting your hand by the river from the flop , multiply your hand by 4 and add 1.

Do you see how easy this is? It takes seconds to do. The rule of 2 and 4 is much better than the next method which is…. The other way you can figure out your card odds is to do the math the long way. So what you do is this — take the number of cards you see and subtract that from the total number of cards in a deck. So, on the flop you would know 5 cards — your 2 hole cards and the 3 community cards. So we subtract 5 from 52, giving us Then using a calculator, what we do is take the number of outs we have and divide that by the cards left in the deck.

Using my example above, take 8 and divide that by Keep this in mind as we move to the next section because we will need to compare these card odd percentages to our pot odds. Pot odds is the number you come up with when you do the math between what is in the pot and how much you have to invest to win it. The bottom line — pot odds are important. Pot odds are easy to calculate, too. Calculating pot odds is simple to do. Say you are in a hand, in position, with one other player. There are chips in the pot, the flop is A-K-4 rainbow and you have JTs.

Your opponent bets chips. To figure out your pot odds you just look at the ratio of money in the pot to how much you need to call to win it.

In this case, the ratio would be written out as to So, to turns into 2. To try out the game you can play our demo for free with no download, no deposit and no registration required. South African online poker fans can play the game at most online poker rooms.

Visit some of the best Texas hold'em poker rooms for South African Rand players, from our list below. When you're ready, click "SPIN". This game is for entertainment purposes ONLY, giving you a chance to practice your skills 2. You are not required to deposit any money to enjoy this game nor do we pay-out winnings. There is debate over the origins of poker and how far back the game can be traced.

The Egyptians played betting games with cards as far back as the 12th and 13th centuries, but it was not until the 15th century that a game in Germany known as Pochspiel combined hand ranking with betting and bluffing, similar to the concepts in poker.

To not overestimate the number of outs it would be safer to just look at these draws as a bonus and not count any extra outs for them. When knowing the number of outs and the number of cards left in the deck you can calculate the chance of hitting one of your outs:.

Of course you aren't going to calculate it that exactly in the heat of battle, instead you can use the following rule of thumb: Also take a look at memorize? The odds of hitting your draw with one card to come on the turn are slightly different, because there will be one less unknown card left in the deck, just like calculated in the last example.

One quick tip about how many cards you should use for estimating your odds: You will very likely be facing another bet on the turn. Therefore you have to look at the odds of hitting your draw with just one card to come. Once you've determined the rough pot odds and odds of hitting your draw, than you can compare them to find out if calling on a draw would be profitable.

We already know that: Regarding the example above: Another program called PokerStove makes it possible to calculate the chance of winning your equity in the hand versus a range of possible holdings. PokerStove is free to download and it is highly recommended that you play around with some hand match ups on different board types to develop a sense of how the odds of winning might differ from the odds of hitting your draws.

As long as you aren't calling an all-in with a draw than there is money left to be bet on later streets. The money that could possibly be won when you hit your draw besides what is already in the pot when making the call can make a play profitable that would appear to be a mistake when only considering the pot odds. These extra odds are called implied odds.

The concept of implied odds is very important to apply correctly as in many occasions pot odds alone won't justify a call. By disregarding implied odds you could often be folding in spots where calling would be very profitable instead.

By regarding and overestimating implied odds however, you could just as often be calling in unprofitable spots. There are several factors to consider when making an estimate of the implied odds:.

Effective stack size This is the smallest stack of the players battling it out. The bigger the effective stacks, the higher the implied odds.

How well concealed is your draw when it hits? A straight draw with one hole card and three cards to a straight on the board does not offer the implied odds of a straight draw for which you use two of your hole cards. In the first case, mostly every opponent will become very cautious when you hit your straight and therefore your implied odds are low. Your opponent's tendencies Some players just can't let go of their holdings although all the obvious draws completed and you scream at them you've got it with a large raise.

These players offer high implied odds. Conversely, weak players might let easily go of their hand after a draw completes and don't offer high implied odds. Your own image If you are generally tight and only bet with very strong holdings your opponents might be aware of that and are less likely to pay you off when you hit your draw.

This point will be less valid at the lower stakes where your opponents will generally stay unaware of a tight playing style. As you can see implied odds are impossible to determine exactly, because they depend on some variables you can only estimate. Of the three factors mentioned, stack size will surely be the most important one to pay attention to at the micro stakes no limit games.

Effective stack sizes can be determined exactly and they form the upper threshold of your implied odds. Your opponent's tendencies, your own image and the concealed nature of your draw determine how much lower than this threshold your implied odds will eventually be. This is very important to realize in order to not structurally overestimate your implied odds. A very common mistake that a lot of people make at the micro stakes no limit hold'em games is incorrectly 'set mining' or 'set farming'.

As most of the nano and micro stakes players are of the kind that doesn't let his or her hands go too easily it won't be the lack of attention to the opponent's tendencies that causes people to set mine without implied odds but rather the lack of attention to stack sizes. A lot of people will buy in with a short stack that doesn't leave much money to be bet after the flop and hence doesn't offer any implied odds, neither for the short stacked player's opponents nor for the player in question himself.

Because people don't let go of their hand in the micro stakes very easily, correct set mining will be very profitable and certainly should be part of a basic winning poker strategy. So, let's take a closer look at some facts concerning set mining:. What all this means is that you should be looking for implied odds of at the very least 10 times the pre-flop call when set mining.

Or in other words: There is a simple rule of thumb for correctly set mining called the ' rule'. You might have noticed that very little actual plays have been discussed. We briefly discussed continuation betting and maybe dug a little deeper into set mining. Nothing was mentioned about bluffing, bet sizing, stealing blinds, how to play aces, when to check-raise and exactly what hands to play and which not.

And I have to admit that just knowing all of the above concepts won't get you very far if you don't truly understand them and correctly implement them at the tables. I do believe however, that an understanding of these concepts automatically leads you to making correct plays in many occasions. Let's take a closer look at some of the plays mentioned just now and see how to use or execute them at the micro stakes with the basic poker strategy fundamentals as a starting point.

At the online micro stakes cash games you will find a lot of loose and passive opponents. They generally tend to call a lot, even with very marginal holdings. These opponents don't have a very good understanding of the game and therefore won't pay attention to most of the variables and subtleties to which you do pay attention from now on: Because of this they tend to offer good implied odds if they have enough chips at the table ; they offer good pot odds for your draws by not betting strong post-flop; they don't take the initiative in the hand very often and they have a wide range of possible holdings.

Therefore the level of understanding your opponents have of the game of poker is often the key to whether a play can be seen as creative and well thought out or just as dumb FPS see first paragraph.

Think about the strength of your hand as being relative. Think of where it stands compared to the range of hands your opponent can have. Look at the board, your own and your opponent's position, your opponent's betting pattern. Try to take the initiative in hands and always see bet sizes in relation to the pot size. Know your odds of hitting a draw roughly and compare them with your pot odds. Don't forget to take implied odds into account and you are already playing with a big edge over your opponents at the lower stakes.

Keep improving your game by playing a lot, analyzing your play and reading forums or this website: